The Legal Vetting Section is responsible for the legislative control of all draft Bills, including Ratification Bills of International Conventions, Bilateral International Agreements and Regulatory Administrative Acts, such as Regulations, Ordinances, Regulations, Ordinances and Ordinances. the Ministries, before submitting them to the Council of Ministers for approval and, subsequently, if they are Bills, to the House of Representatives for their passage in Laws. The above legislation excludes those that are clearly in line with the European acquis, for which the Department of European Law is responsible.

In the above context, the Section, among other things, gives an opinion on the constitutionality of multilateral international conventions, which are to be signed or to which the Republic of Cyprus is to accede and, for this purpose, the Section draws up or legally controls the necessary draft Ratification Laws submitted to it for review.

Furthermore, in this Section, all the Explanatory Reports that accompany the Bills or the Sanction Bills are prepared, which are then submitted for approval and signed by the Attorney General of the Republic.

In some cases, following instructions from the Attorney General of the Republic, the Department in question is called upon to prepare draft Drafts from scratch, in cooperation, of course, with the relevant Government Services.

Legislative work and technical control are very delicate and time-consuming tasks, which require, among other things, specialization, experience, knowledge of the Constitution, current legislation and the basic principles of the European acquis, as well as constant updating of European case law. Court, the Court of Human Rights and the Supreme Court of Cyprus, research, observation and patience and, of course, excellent knowledge of the Greek language and, of the foreign languages, at least of the English language.

During the legislative work and the technical control, an effort is made to observe the principles of good legislation, within the framework of the Lisbon Strategy for the Reform and Improvement of the Regulatory Framework of the Member States of the European Union. For this purpose, the Department collaborated with the Ministry of Finance in the preparation of a Questionnaire (see Chapter on Principles of Good Legislation ) which must be completed by all Ministries and accompany any draft law or regulatory administrative act submitted to the Department for legislative control. so that the principles of good legislation are observed, such as, for example -


    i. the constitutionality of the proposed legislation and, in the case of a regulatory administrative act, its compliance with the "ultra vires" principle,

    ii. the necessity, appropriateness and response of the proposed legislation to the principle of proportionality in order to achieve the objectives pursued, taking into account its implications,

    iii. the simplicity and clarity of its content,

    iv. its compatibility with the law of the European Communities, the law of the European Union and international law,

    v. the effectiveness, efficiency and avoidance of unnecessary financial costs in its implementation,

    vi. transparency in its compilation, and

    vii. the determination of the competent authorities for its implementation.



Adherence to the principles of good legislation is achieved in particular by -

    i. identifying the problem due to which the proposed legislation is sought,

    ii. the assessment of the inadequacy of existing legislation to address this problem,

    iii. examining and weighing alternatives to achieve the intended objectives of the proposed legislation,

    iv. evaluating the impact of the proposed legislation,

    v. the widest possible social participation and consensus in the drafting of the relevant draft,

    vi. assessing and evaluating the impact of the proposed legislation by gender.



The Section is also responsible for the preparation of the drafts for the referral of Laws or Decisions of the House of Representatives by the President of the Republic, pursuant to Articles 52 and 51 of the Constitution. Regarding the right of the President to report Laws to the Supreme Court under Articles 52, 140, 141 and 138 of the Constitution, the Attorney General of the Republic appears before the Court himself, accompanied by a legal officer who dealt with the forensic examination.

Members of the Section are invited to attend to the meetings of the various Parliamentary Committees, so as to support the legality and answer any legal issues that may arise pertaining to the Government Bills, Ratification Bills of International Conventions and Regulations that have been legally vetted by the Section and to give their opinion on the constitutionality of Proposals of Laws by MPs.

The Legal Vetting Section is headed by the Attorney of the Republic, Ms. Elena Zachariadou.

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